Diabetic neuropathy is the result of high blood sugar levels, and it causes pain, disability, and discomfort. Despite different treatments available, the success is not uniform. The best possible way to stay away from pain is to keep the blood sugar levels under control through regular exercise and weight control. Non-narcotic pain relievers can be taken during the day instead of waiting for the nightfall when the pain is more aggravating. Intake of natural herbs for nerve pain relief is the best alternative as it is free of side effects. More information on diabetic neuropathy is available at Nidcd.nih.gov.
The most common complaint by diabetic neuropathy patient is numbness in the feet or legs. There are more symptoms related to this complication based on which nerve is affected. It can be in the gastrointestinal tract, legs or another part of the body. Some of the common symptoms include frequent urinary tract infection due to inability to empty the bladder efficiently, vomiting, nausea, bloating sensation, diarrhea, constipation or abdominal fullness, low blood pressure, dizziness, fainting, foot ulcer and difficulty in maintaining an erection.
There are some medications to eliminate the symptoms of diabetic neuropathy. However, prevention is better than cure. It is explained that Hemoglobin A1C reading has to be 7.0% or lesser, it is more than the prescribed level it can cause diabetic complications and this includes neuropathy. The risk of diabetic neuropathy can be reduced by 50% by keeping your sugar levels under check.
Types of neuropathy
Neuropathy can be classified into three types; Sensory neuropathy is the damage to the nerve that informs the brain on the sensations in the body. It could be related to unable to recognize temperature or numbness to sharp objects. Autonomic neuropathy is the damage caused nerves responsible for involuntary activities, like the action of the intestine, bladder, stomach and heart. It leads to impotency in men. Motor neuropathy is the damage to the nerve that relates to the muscular motions in the body. It is a rare case of diabetic neuropathy and leads to weakness in the muscle.
The physician diagnoses neuropathy as either asymmetric or symmetric. If one particular type of nerve is affected it is called mononeuropathy, if more nerves are damaged it is called polyneuropathy. Some of the other related terms of neuropathy include, Distal Neuropathy, it affects the feet or hands. It can either be symmetric or asymmetric. Formal Neuropathy often occurs in the center of the thigh muscles and can either be symmetric or asymmetric. Diabetic amyotrophy affects the thigh nerves and causes weakness. It is also called motor neuropathy and is either symmetric or asymmetric.
Gastroparesis leads to damage in the stomach, and it affects the emptying process. It can lead to vomiting, poor absorption and bloating. Diabetic diarrhea leads to erratic behavior of the intestine. It can lead to unformed stools. Bladder neuropathy affects the bladder nerves and results in an inability to empty the bladder completely. Postural Hypotension can be caused due to low blood pressure. The pulse rate becomes higher to compensate the blood pressure leading to dizziness. A Charcot joint happens in the bones of the foot. It leads to misalignment of the feet. Unilateral foot drop as the name suggests is a condition where the foot cannot be lifted, it is caused due to the damage of the blood vessels in the leg nerve. Impotence is a blood vessel disease that causes impotency in men.